A private investigator investigates, performs surveillance, obtains information, analyses and interprets it and carries out other types of complex investigative activities, which concern the activity of the company that used its services. Their purpose is to identify, document and dissolve, regardless of the level of difficulty, the criminal networks that cause material or reputational harm to the recipient of their services. Regardless of the type of investigation carried out, a private investigator’s role is to gather information, evidence, and hand it over to the client who hired them.

The types of private investigations carried out for a company include economic-financial investigations, merger & acquisitions investigations in case of acquisitions and mergers, background check investigations, corporate investigations, dispute investigations, investigations aimed at identifying individuals and their activities, investigations aimed at the activity of the beneficiary company, investigations to locate persons, their relationship circles, investigations to establish degrees of kinship in cases of inheritance or beneficiaries of compensation, due-diligence and risk management investigations, anti-fraud investigations in insurance, agriculture, merger & acquisitions or real estate, investigations to identify and prove smuggling and counterfeiting actions or to fight and prevent money laundering, investigations to identify and prove corruption.

The difference between a private detective and a private investigator is one of perception. Private detectives get involved in domestic investigations, such as cases of cheating, evidence for divorce or custody, missing persons and so on. Private investigators serve legal entities, companies, in other, more complex types of investigations: legal investigations for lawyers or law firms, corporate investigations for companies in various industries, from insurance and energy, to agriculture or real estate or cyber investigations,  targeting online fraud activities and attempts of fraud.

It depends. The cost of a private investigation varies depending on the length of the investigation, the complexity of the case and the number of investigators involved. Some private investigative agencies have hourly rates per investigator, while others charge per team or per case.

The duration of an investigation can vary from a month to a year or even longer, depending on the complexity of the case. For example, all investigations conducted by SPIA follow a well-defined plan consisting of: understanding the case, proposing the action plan, conducting the actual investigation and data collection, then final reporting, data interpretation and assistance.

No, private investigators are not police officers and do not represent State authorities, although some of them previously worked in the police, army or other State structures.

Yes. Each private investigator carries out their activity under a certificate obtained following an exam taken with IGPR/IPJ.

No, private investigators cannot tap a phone. This method is used only by the competent authorities, exclusively under a warrant.

No, private investigators cannot read SMS or messages from other applications. This method is used only by the competent authorities, exclusively under a warrant.

Private investigation agencies use specific and complex research methods and investigation techniques, which fully comply with the legal framework. They vary depending on the logistical equipment of each agency, the knowledge and specializations obtained by the private investigators involved and the previous experience.

Yes. A private investigator’s mission is to obtain evidence exclusively in the legal and regulated manner, so that the client who hired them can use such evidence in court or in any other legal framework as needed. Evidence that violates the law by the way it was obtained is useless, and the procedure by which it was obtained is often punished by the competent authorities.

No. The only weapons on which a good private investigator relies are curiosity, discretion, and professionalism.

Occasionally, yes. The client who has hired the private investigation agency may decide to hand over the obtained evidence by the investigators to the criminal investigation bodies or they may work together throughout the investigation, depending on the requests from the State bodies.

Yes, hiring a private investigator is perfectly legal. The Romanian law regulated the profession of private investigator in Romania in 2003, with the adoption of Law no. 329.

The list of certified and authorized investigators, as well as of authorized offices and companies, is public and is constantly updated on the IGPR website.

What no other person is allowed to do, if that means breaking the law, such as phone tapping, trespassing private property, restricting fundamental freedoms or threatening a person to disclose the desired information.

If an investigator is exposed, they abandon the investigation and the action plan is changed. The exposed investigator is permanently removed from the case.

Hiring a private investigator is recommended when your company’s interests need protection, whether this is proactive or reactive.


Specifically, you can use economic and financial investigations before acquiring a company, back-ground check investigations to make sure of the ethical and professional integrity of your future business partners, customers or employees or even due diligence investigations, to find out if your business has vulnerabilities, which you can improve through specialized risk management services.

If there is suspicion or even evidence of an attempted fraud, you can employ anti-fraud investigation services, which are available for various industries, from energy, agriculture and real estate to insurance.

You can also hire a private investigator to investigate and prove suspicions of smuggling and counterfeiting or to fight and prevent money laundering and for corruption.

A private investigator can only access public data, reported in the balance sheet.

If you want to become a private investigator, you must first meet several conditions simultaneously: to have Romanian citizenship or to be a citizen of one of the Member States of the European Union or of the European Economic Area, to have secondary education and to be a graduate of a post-secondary school of detectives or to have worked as a police officer or worker in public institutions with responsibilities in the field of defense, public order or national security or to be a graduate of a higher education institution.

To be medically fit, to not have been convicted for intentional crimes, to not carry out an activity involving the exercise of public authority, to have the approval of the County Police Inspectorate or of the Bucharest Police Department, as the case may be.

Last but not least, to have passed the private detective exam, according to the provisions of Art. 7 of Law no. 329/2003 or to hold a certificate of qualification for this profession or a similar certificate issued by one of the Member States of the European Union and of the European Economic Area.

If you simultaneously meet all conditions above, the steps you need to take to become a private investigator are described in the following article: https://www.think-business.ro/cum-sa-devii-detectiv-particular/

Hiring a private investigator is no different than hiring any other type of service for companies, except for the discretion surrounding this whole process. But, in short, we can say that the steps you need to take are the following: contact us by email contact@spiaromania.com or through the contact form. Briefly describe the problem you are dealing with and, if we can help you, we will schedule a meeting, in which you tell us more about your situation, why you think you need a team of private investigators and what results are you waiting for. We will make further verifications to understand your field, company and case very well, and then get back to you with proposals. Everything happens in the strictest confidence!

Depending on what you tell us, the market you are in and the prior documentation we do, we will provide you with at least one viable proposal for approach and resolution. We will explain to you step by step what will happen so that you also understand very well what the work of SPIA’s private investigators entails. Together, we will form a team and we believe it is vital for you to be aware of all aspects.

This is the part that we can’t tell you much about. But, in short, SPIA’s team of investigators implements the plan we were telling you about earlier.

All the data we collect through the specific investigation activities go into a concise and eloquent report, whose data are interpreted and receive the related suggestions. If you need, we can offer you specialized legal advice and even crisis communication.

Corporate investigations represent a generic term, which designates the professional business intelligence services that an agency of private investigators performs for clients in the corporate area, such as companies. These services are complex and can cover a wide range of actions, for a variety of cases.

A possible application of business investigation services is corporate fraud. In these cases, companies turn to business intelligence specialists to plan and provide specialized investigations, meant to expose and dismantle the illicit elements and facts within a company.

Other scenarios for which the intervention of specialists in corporate investigations is necessary would be cases of corruption within the company, bribery, clientelism, abuse of office, theft or embezzlement.

You can find more information about the business investigation activity, respectively business intelligence on our page dedicated to the services of corporate investigations.